The Latest News from the Wilder School Faculty
Patrick G. Lowery, Ph.D., assistant professor of Criminal Justice, has published an article in Feminist Criminology, “Plea Bargains Among Serious and Violent Girls: An Intersectional Approach Exploring Race in the Juvenile Court.”
There exists much scholarship on the decision-making process in the juvenile court. While a variety of processes in the juvenile court, types of offenders and theoretical frameworks have been analyzed to better understand the decision-making processes, there are some gaps, particularly in the use of an intersectional framework in explaining the plea bargaining process among serious and violent girls. Given the paucity of research on this subject, the present study pays homage to intersectionality by exploring the aforementioned process and group in the juvenile court.
Public administrators at all levels are discussing implications of President Trump's proposed budget. While eventual outcomes remain uncertain, a recent interview of a panel of local government practitioners highlighted that when such reductions occur, local governments often operate as "first responders" in serving the most vulnerable residents within their respective communities. They run toward the potential equity crisis rather than away, in part because they see those affected as neighbors. In essence, their focus on social equity includes an emphasis on direct services as well as trust building. The panel also highlighted the importance of trust building and leadership for sustainability of social equity work and noted assessment and performance improvement as a key opportunity for academic/practitioner collaboration.
Adopted at the conclusion of the 13th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the Doha Declaration highlights the importance of education as a tool to preventing crime and corruption. It emphasizes that education is fundamental in promoting a culture that supports the rule of law, crime prevention and criminal justice.
Harper-Anderson Publishes Article in Urban Affairs Review
Elsie Harper-Anderson, Ph.D., assistant professor of Urban and Regional Studies and Planning, has published an article, "Contemporary Black Entrepreneurship in the Professional Service Sector of Chicago: Intersections of Race, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Transformation" in Urban Affairs Review.
Entrepreneurship could level the playing field between racial groups and decrease poverty through job creation. Growth in the U.S. professional services (PS) sector over the last several decades has increased high-wage employment and entrepreneurship opportunities. Although the number of black-owned PS businesses has grown, their performance lags behind their counterparts of other races. Black entrepreneurs in highly skilled sectors, such as PS, tend to be more educated, better financed and have more diverse customer bases than their counterparts in other sectors.
Yet, these advancements have not translated into firm performance. This study examines factors influencing outcomes of black PS entrepreneurs in Chicago using interview and focus group data. Results indicate that racialized barriers, current entrepreneurship culture and the nature of the PS sector combine to contour a contentious business environment. Updating models of inclusion to address the contemporary entrepreneurial environment and incorporating accountability measures are necessary steps to realize the potential of this group.
Howell Publishes Article in the Journal of Planning Education
Kathryn Howell, Ph.D., assistant professor of Urban and Regional Studies and Planning, has published an article, “Housing and the Grassroots: Using Local and Expert Knowledge to Preserve Affordable Housing,” in the Journal of Planning Education and Research.
Planning practice has had to balance the adversarial relationships necessary to challenge existing and dysfunctional or unjust policies and the collaborations necessary to solve problems and create new policies. However, the complexity of urban planning problems suggests a need for a space in which to build trust, foster collaborative learning, and share data between stakeholders. This article explores the case of the DC Preservation Network, a collaborative process to address the preservation of affordable housing in Washington. It is through this collaboration that disparate stakeholders can navigate complex processes and create avenues to negotiate and advocate outside the group.
Albanese Presents at U.N. Crime Commission
Jay Albanese, Ph.D., chair and professor of criminal justice, presented on the subject of public corruption at the United Nations Crime Commission held in Austria, Vienna May 22-26. Albanese helped to develop an annotated bibliography of empirical research for international distribution at the commission and represented Criminologists without Borders, an NGO that applies scientific findings and best practices to the policies and operations of crime prevention and criminal justice systems globally.
Urban and Regional Studies and Planning Faculty Present Papers
Three members of the Urban and Regional Studies and Planning program presented papers at the 47th Annual Conference of the Urban Affairs Association, held April 19-22 in Minneapolis, Minn.
Elsie Harper-Anderson, Ph.D., presented a paper, "Understanding the Differentiated Impact of Virginia's VIEW Program for Multiple Populations: Which Program Components Matter Most?" The paper was coauthored with a colleague from the University of Maryland-Baltimore County, Wendy Carter-Veale, Ph.D.
Kathryn Howell, Ph.D., presented, “Staying Put–But on What Terms? Examining the Preservation of Affordable Rental Housing in Washington, D.C.,” which examines the importance of different methods of preservation of affordable housing from the perspective of residents she interviewed in the summer and fall of 2016.
Benjamin F. Teresa, Ph.D., presented a paper with coauthor Andrew Zitcer of Drexel University, "From Creative Economy to Artistic Agency: The Role of the Artists in Urban Change".
Teresa also recently published a paper in the journal, Urban Affairs Review, with coauthor Ryan M. Good of Rutgers University, "Speculative Charter School Growth in the Case of UNO Charter School Network in Chicago". The paper examines how parent and student demand is not the only factor driving charter school growth. Financing for charter school expansion plays an important role and can increase instability and inequality in urban education.
Virginia Association of Regional Jails Recognizes Balestrieri
Blythe Bowman Balestrieri, Ph.D., associate professor and Criminal Justice undergraduate coordinator at the Wilder School, received special recognition today from the Virginia Association of Regional Jails for her study on “weekend jail time" at the association’s annual meeting at Virginia Beach. Her independent research study was conducted among jail administrators across the state and examined their experiences and opinions about nonconsecutive day sentencing, also known as weekend jail time. The research helped inform the General Assembly on a bill related to this issue this year.
Brubaker, Mancini Publish Article in the Journal of School Violence
Sarah Jane Brubaker, Ph.D., associate professor, director of the Ph.D. in public policy and administration program and certificate in gender violence intervention, and Christina Mancini, Ph.D., criminal justice graduate coordinator, have published an article, The Impact of Increased State Regulation of Campus Sexual Assault Practices:Perspectives of Campus Personnel, in the Journal of School Violence.
Seeking to improve university accountability and compliance with federal mandates, states are considering new reforms including mandating reporting of campus sexual assault allegations. These new policies remain an empirical “black box.” To address these gaps, the current exploratory study draws upon a recent survey that examines the extent of awareness, perceptions, concerns, and policy practices of victim advocates and other personnel concerning new legislation. Virginia is chosen as the state for this case study given its recent implementation of a controversial mandated reporting law, as well as other initiatives, across institutions of higher education. Findings suggest that campus personnel are aware and largely supportive of the new reforms, but they also share concerns. Implications for research and policy development are discussed.
Webber Coauthors Article for American Psychologist
David Webber, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Wilder School’s Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness program, has coauthored a paper, “To the fringe and back: Violent extremism and the psychology of deviance,” which appears in American Psychologist, the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association. In the paper, he and his colleagues outline a general psychological theory of extremism and apply it to the special case of violent extremism.
Webber coauthored the paper with Arie W. Kruglanski, Marina Chernikova and Michelle Dugas, all of the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland, and Katazyna Jasko of the Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, in Krakow, Poland.
Verma Receives Fulbright-Nehru Award
Niraj Verma, Ph.D., professor of urban planning, has been awarded a Fulbright-Nehru U.S. Scholar Academic and Professional Excellence award for research and scholarship in India. This will allow him to spend four months in multiple Indian universities in the coming year. The Fulbright Program, which aims to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries, is the flagship international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government.
Gooden Elected to HOME Board of Directors
Susan T. Gooden, Ph.D., professor of public administration and policy, has been elected to the board of directors of Housing Opportunities Made Equal. HOME is Virginia’s premier fair housing and housing counseling organization, offering a variety of programs and services designed to ensure equal access to housing for all Virginians. The nonprofit was founded in 1971 to fight discrimination in housing access.
Albanese Invited to Join a UN Expert Group Meeting
Jay Albanese, Ph.D., professor and Criminal Justice program chair, has been invited to join a UN Expert Group Meeting of the Education for Justice Initiative (E4J) organized by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna, Austria. The meeting in March derives from the Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the wider United Nations agenda. The E4J initiative was adopted by the UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. At the university level E4J aims to facilitate and promote teaching and research on issues including anti-corruption, organized crime, human trafficking, migrant smuggling, terrorism prevention, cybercrime, arms trafficking, and integrity and ethics. The meeting at UNODC in Vienna will bring together academic experts from selected world regions to discuss and make recommendations to achieve the aims of the E4J initiative.
Lowery Publishes Article in Crime & Delinquency
Patrick G. Lowery, Ph.D., assistant professor of Criminal Justice, recently had an article published in the journal of Crime & Delinquency. The article, “A Multilevel Test of the Racial Threat Hypothesis in One State’s Juvenile Court,” focuses on the effects of racial and economic inequalities on sentencing decisions for juveniles.
Verma Named Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University
Niraj Verma, Ph.D., professor, has been named a Visiting Fellow of the Judge Business School at Cambridge University in England for the 2017 calendar year. During the upcoming year, he will share his work with colleagues in the Judge Business School and the Center for India and Global Business.
Baker Co-authors Paper
Natalie Baker, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness program, has co-authored a paper in Critical Policy Studies, “Disaster Preparedness as Social Control.” The paper discusses research on disaster management institutions, as well as members of the vulnerable public in an area of significant seismic risk.
Mancini Publishes Article About Whether Mandatory Report Laws Work
Christina Mancini, Ph.D., associate professor of Criminal Justice, had a paper published on Sept. 1 in Campus Safety magazine, “Will Mandated Reporting Laws Help Victims of Campus Sexual Violence?”
CURA Presents Historic Tax Credits Report to Lawmakers
John Accordino, Ph.D., interim dean of the Wilder School and director of the Center for Urban and Regional Analysis, presented a 2014 report, "Economic Impact of Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit Programs in Virginia," at a meeting on Aug. 29 of the Joint Subcommittee to Evaluate Tax Preferences at the state Capitol. Also representing CURA were Fabrizio Fasulo, Ph.D., and Sarin Adhikari, Ph.D. Read coverage in the Richmond Times-Dispatch and on WVIR-TV in Charlottesville.
Wooldridge Presents Social Equity Training Workshop
Blue Wooldridge, D.P.A., professor of public administration, delivered a four-hour social equity training workshop on Aug. 4 to approximately 25 senior staff members of the state Department of Behavior Health and Developmental Services and members of their SystemLEAD cohort.